Cuarteto Patria was formed in Santiago de Cuba in 1939. From the very beginning, the band focused on the music of famous Cuban artists, such as Miguel Matamoros and Los Compadres. The band played several instruments, including, maracas, contrabass, and guitar.Initially, the group performed at festivals and private parties. They also offered a serenade service and gave improvised live concerts in bars and on the streets. Cuarteto Patria made such concerts popular in Cuba. Soon other groups followed suit.
In 1960, one of the co-founders of the band, Emilia Gracia, died but the group continued working with a shortened lineup.
In the 1970’s, new musicians joined Cuarteto Patria. One of them was Hilario Cuadras, who played maracas. Cuadras had a strong and beautiful voice so he became a leading vocalist of the band.
In 1978, the band’s director Francisco Cobas decided to leave the group and asked Eliades Ochoa to replace him. Since 1979 and until today, Ochoa works as the band’s director. He honored Cobas’ wish to maintain the band’s elegant sound while interpreting traditional Cuban genres, such as sones. Guarachas, bolero, and others.
Ochoa slightly changed the original layout by adding percussions, guitar, bongo, acoustic contrabass, and a few other instruments. He helped the band find a new sound.